Although the Pau'ans make up just thirty percent of Utapau's population, their size and longevity has given them the ability to dominate the rulership classes of the planet. The average Pau'an has a lifespan of more than 200 years, and prefers to eat raw meat. Double rows of sharp teeth fill the upper and lower jaws of the average Pau'an, allowing them to rip apart their food. Interestingly, Pau'ans prefer the darkness of the underground cities, despite their natural history as surface-dwellers. Because of their long lifespans, the Pau'ans are often referred to as Ancients.
The head of the Pau'an displays evolutionary adaptations to living on the planet's surface, including vestigial ear-disks that lack lobes which might be damaged by wind-blown sand. The appearance of the average Pau'an instill fright or fear in many beings, despite the fact that most Pau'ans are among the most friendly races in the galaxy.